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What is VMetal?

Who We Are?

Founded in 2009, we started with plastic prototyping, design and manufacturing with professional one-stop service for customers. One of our founders with 20+ year’s plastic experience has been actively exploring the global needs for metal manufacturing. During 2020, we extended the Manufacturing and Warehouse Facility for Metal Casting and Metal Injection, Components and Assemblies; and greatly enhanced our competitiveness in the metal industry, we have gradually expanded to aerospace, medical, automotive, and Turbomachinery, etc.

Our five major teams, are Research and Design, Sales, Management, Quality Assurance, and Manufacturing (Metal 3dprinting and Metal casting). Through the unity and cooperation of these five teams, we deliver our most confident metal solutions to customers on time within the delivery period.

We constantly improve customer satisfaction and strive to improve the workability and efficiency of colleagues. In addition to various festivals and activities, every year we participate in domestic and foreign exhibitions.

What is Our Mission & Values?

Customer convenience is at the heart of everything we do. Our mission is to create the best value through our cutting-edge technology and materials to make custom parts more accessible for all our customers, At VMetal, we believe clients around the globe deserve unique and innovative solutions for their manufacturing needs.

How to Protect Intellectual Property?

All uploads are secure and confidential.

Confidentiality from beginning to end! We ensure confidentiality across the entirety of your order, we would be happy to send you our Non-Disclosure Agreement. Please contact us at [email protected] to request our NDA.

How to Contact Us?
Contact Person

Mr. Tse
Tel.: (+852) 6224 1024
E-mail: [email protected]

Address

Unit 1906, 19/F, Seapower Center,
73 Lei Muk Road, Kwai Chung,
New Territories, Hong Kong

What is Manufacturing Technology?

What is Additive Manufacturing?

Consider a bear being painted on a canvas by an artist. What is the method utilized to create the bear image? Paint is being applied to the canvas in the shape of a bear. Several hues of paint are layered on top of one other to create the appearance of the bear’s many parts and attributes. Painting is thus an “additive” art-making process.

3D printing is a type of additive manufacturing. That’s why it’s called additive manufacturing. Layers of material are added until the entire component is created. Some additive methods employ a liquid substance, while others use a powdered material. To meet the engineering requirements of the item, several materials, including plastic and metal, are available.

The speed, low labour cost, customization capability, and capacity to create very complex geometric patterns are advantages of additive manufacturing over others. One disadvantage is the higher cost of high-volume manufacturing runs, which is less competitive, as well as the restricted precision and tolerances.

What is the Application of Additive Manufacturing

When creating high-performance parts for the aerospace industry or quick prototypes for product development in the automobile industry, additive manufacturing is a powerful industrial technology that develops structures layer by layer. In contrast to conventional methods, additive manufacturing services give engineers and designers the freedom to experiment and repeat as necessary, as well as the resources to create one-of-a-kind objects that were previously unimaginable.

Due to its strength and effectiveness in creating specialized parts, AM commands a level of respect never before seen in industrial applications. When the initial layer of material is spread out onto the print bed, the AM process starts. The AM process always has one thing in common: consecutive layers are constructed and then fused together to produce a solid item. A variety of procedures are available, whether layers are glued together by bonding chemicals or heat. Contrary to traditional manufacturing, where the material is removed using subtractive processes in order to create a part, additive manufacturing uses no material at all.

What is Metal 3D Printing (SLM)?

Selective laser melting (SLM), also referred to as direct metal laser melting (DMLM) or direct metal laser sintering (DMLS), is an Additive Manufacturing technique developed to melt and fuse metallic powders via a high power-density laser, through a computer-generated pattern to form the shape of 3D objects according to the CAD design.

A large variety of metal powders are available such as aluminium, titanium, copper, chromium, cobalt chromium, stainless steel, tool steel and superalloys. Metal SLM 3D printing can effectively print intricate designs and challenging-to-machine items, including those with internal cavities, curves and tapered geometries, lengthy or partial thru-holes, conformal cooling channels, and metal mesh or lattice structures. By combining several assemblies into a single piece, the time and money spent cutting, welding, and assembling several components are saved.

Without Tooling

Ability to produce pieces without using tools. Custom tooling and fittings are necessary for many conventionally made products. Despite being essential to the production process, these parts take up manufacturing capacity without producing any money. Particularly for low-volume manufacturing items, tooling expenses might make fabrication unaffordable.

Regardless of the items manufactured, a metal 3D printer does not require special tooling or fixturing configurations to operate. This decreases manufacturing overhead expenses and speeds up and lowers the cost of producing low-volume items.

Without Detailed Drawings or CAM

Drawings, CAM, or both are necessary for machined items, but not for 3D-printed metal parts. The tool paths necessary to construct the component are automatically generated and carried out by metal 3D printing software. Manufacturers just need to orient a part, choose materials, and adjust basic print parameters rather than creating designs and programming CAM.

The majority of metal 3D printers autonomously generate tool paths and require little to no monitoring when producing parts. Manufacturers can move more quickly from design to item with less manpower.

What is the Applications of Metal 3D Printing?
Consumer Goods

More Than Rapid
Prototyping is critical for product development, a real sample helps examine whether your design functions or not and where the flaws are. Without making a mould, a prototype comes to your hands in only a few days rather than a few months, which allows you to keep changing your mind and optimize your design.

Harder Housing
Nowadays, additive manufacturing can produce aerospace components and NASA rover parts which need metal with very high hardness. It’s now demanded by high-end products too, for example, Sennheiser used AM to fabricate the housing of audiophile headphones (IE 600) to prevent scratches from daily use.

Sophisticated Structure
Speaking of hardness, Swiss company UrbanAlps was using AM to print a security key that hides the unlock code in a cylinder, which makes it impossible to be copied. Jewellery designed with an organic shape, complex internal structure or even hollowed for lighter weight… anything as is your design can be achieved.

Engineering Parts

Metal 3D printing is a great improvement in making machine parts or engineering parts like jigs, fixtures, pipes, valves and steam turbine parts etc.

Complete At Once
As an Additive Manufacturing (AM) technology, metal 3D printing can achieve any complex design with a computer 3D model. Rather than creating many individual components and assembling them into a final product, AM allows manufacturers to produce metal equipment as a whole without making a single mould.

In emergency cases, when you need to repair a flawed part or create clones immediately, metal 3D printing can also help you by scanning your provided parts and reproducing them quickly. It only takes a few days rather than a few months compared to traditional metal casting.

Promising Outcome
Being precise is crucial to machine parts. Besides SLM’s low tolerance, it is controllable in the process. While creating a part with metal casting, the metal worker cannot intervene in the process when the liquid metal is concreting in a mould, but a 3D printer’s operator can stop the machine at any time if a situation happens.

Automotive & Bike

Maximum Optimization
Vehicle parts production always comes with very high volume units, that’s why saving material is beneficially and environmentally critical for the automotive industry. With topology optimized design and a generate-design technique, the iterated model can be minimized material and still meet the same functions it used to have. For example, German company APWorks designed a skeletal-like frame for their motorcycle Light Rider, which only weighs 6 kilos and for the whole motorcycle, 35 kilos.

Replacement Parts For Cars
Since cars sometimes last 20 years or longer on the road, manufacturers must cope with the difficult and expensive issue of providing spare components for aged vehicles. Customers may have to scour scrapyards for unusual parts or buy subpar third-party components since many of those parts may no longer be in high enough demand for manufacturers to justify the expense of manufacturing them.

In the future, Repairs will become simpler than ever as technology advances and dealer garages may eventually have their 3D printers for producing new components.

Medical & Dental

Biocompatible, Even Harder Than Bones
Because of its high fatigue limit, bio-inertness, ability to osseointegrate, and good corrosion resistance from bodily fluids, titanium is classed as the most biocompatible metal.

Combined with the ability of additive manufacturing technology, Titanium implants can be created layer by layer, the individualized patient solutions can print out straight from a computer file.

Customise Body Parts To Make A Perfect Match
Today, doctors often have a selection of implants in various sizes when replacing a patient’s knee or hip. However, it’s never a perfect fit, so the surgery and recovery take longer.

Based on patient scans, 3D-printed tools or implants can provide a precise fit for the joint, no matter in plastic or metal. Additionally, any other implant, such as a rib cage or jaw, as well as the intricate surgical tools required for the procedure can all be 3D printed.

What is Subtractive Manufacturing?

Consider a woodcarver. How do they make a wooden bear? They begin with a wood block. Then they use an instrument, usually a chainsaw, to remove or “subtract” wood until they reach the shape of a bear.

CNC machining is a popular subtractive manufacturing technology. A product begins as a large enough block of material to manufacture the portion. Cutting tools remove material throughout the milling process until the completed product is created.

One advantage of CNC machining is the low cost of making parts in large quantities. The identical part can be precisely reproduced several times. Critical tolerances are also possible.

Disadvantages include the personnel costs associated with the setup procedure and part relocation. Machine operators and machinists with advanced skills are sought. Also, you must pay for the amount of material required to begin the procedure, not the amount of material left over after the component is completed. Part design complexity is also restricted.

What is CNC Machining?
3 Axis Milling

Metal, plastic, and other materials may be utilized to make three-dimensional things using 3-axis CNC milling machines. They can produce a wide range of commodities, including surgical implants and precise components, and are controlled by computers. 3-axis CNC mills, which are similar to 2-axis mills, provide an extra linear movement for usages with other machineries, such as laser engravers and polishers. Two independent rotating axes and one linear axis make up a 3-axis mill. The cutting tool may move along each axis thanks to a mechanical or electrical link that joins the three axes.

3+2 Axis Milling

As known as Indexed machining, due to the ability that can do the bulk of the tasks that standard 5-axis machines can, this sort of multiaxis machine is an excellent choice for activities requiring accuracy and precision. This configuration may be created by combining a vertical machine with a tilting rotary table. The workpiece stays stable and immovable throughout the process on 3+2 axis machines, allowing the cutting tool to move along two extra axes.

5 Axis Machining

As known as 5-axis Continuous machining or 5-axis Simultaneous Machining, this is a standard 5-axis CNC machine configuration. Because it is a surface-dependent machining method, the cutting tool is always perpendicular to the substrate and may be moved and rotated along the three principal axes. This design allows the cutting or milling tool to remove material in regions that other 5-axis versions would make difficult to reach. For complicated pieces, this approach is the most successful.

Lathe

The material is removed with a stationary, single-bladed cutting tool while the workpiece is quickly spun on a lathe machine. Although most lathes can also drill, bore, groove, and thread, turning is particularly useful for producing things with cylindrical forms or radial symmetry. They are also suitable for big workpieces due to their design.

Mill-turning

The advantages of a mill and a lathe were merged into mill-turning methods. A mill-turn centre is a hybrid device since it combines the movement of the workpiece during turning with the rotation of the tool during milling. Mill-turn users can effectively and quickly make more complicated objects without changing machining centres. Compared to a mill or lathe, an average mill-turn centre can do four operations. Complex things that would benefit from turning and milling might be made using this process.

How Many Magor Types of CNC Machining?

3 Axis CNC Milling – Metal, plastic and other materials may be utilized to make three-dimensional things using 3-axis CNC milling machines. They can produce a wide range of commodities, including surgical implants and precise components, and are controlled by computers. 3-axis CNC mills, which are similar to 2-axis mills, provide an extra linear movement for usages with other machineries, such as laser engravers and polishers. Two independent rotating axes and one linear axis make up a 3-axis mill. The cutting tool may move along each axis thanks to a mechanical or electrical link that joins the three axes.

3+2 Axis CNC Milling – As known as Indexed machining, due to the ability that can do the bulk of the tasks that standard 5-axis machines can, this sort of multiaxis machine is an excellent choice for activities requiring accuracy and precision. This configuration may be created by combining a vertical machine with a tilting rotary table. The workpiece stays stable and immovable throughout the process on 3+2 axis machines, allowing the cutting tool to move along two extra axes.

5 Axis CNC Machining – As known as 5-axis Continuous machining or 5-axis Simultaneous Machining, this is a standard 5-axis CNC machine configuration. Because it is a surface-dependent machining method, the cutting tool is always perpendicular to the substrate and may be moved and rotated along the three principal axes. This design allows the cutting or milling tool to remove material in regions that other 5-axis versions would make difficult to reach. For complicated pieces, this approach is the most successful.

What is Forming Manufacturing?

Assume a toy firm wants to create a collection of small woodland creatures for children to play with. A forming method would be appropriate for producing the large number of toy bears required. A bear-shaped mould would be injected with a liquid plastic substance. When the mould has cooled, the toy bear is removed.

Injection moulding is a method of producing things through the formative process. A mould is created in the shape of the required component. Melted plastic is pressed into the mould cavity. The material solidifies and cools, taking on the shape of the mould’s pattern. The freshly created portion is then removed, and the mould is refilled.

The capacity to make thousands of similar components at a cheap cost per unit is a significant advantage of injection moulding. The disadvantage of the moulding process is the time and price required to create a mould. Depending on the intricacy of the product, moulds might cost hundreds, if not tens of thousands of dollars. This would make producing just one or a few pieces prohibitively costly.

What is Metal Casting Process?
Examine the raw material

As a metal casting facility, we are accountable for quality, starting with the raw materials used. That is why we always examine the raw material at the beginning to make sure that adheres to our strict standards for quality.

Create the mold and core making

The molten metal must first be contained and shaped in a mould cavity in order to successfully produce a casting. In many instances, we also need to create a core that will fit inside the mould and leave hollow spaces inside the finished part. Moulds and cores may be single-use for greensand casting or shell mould casting, or they may be reusable for die casting or permanent moulding.

Melting and pouring

Our melting process is by heating the alloy over a burner or open flame and placing it in a receptacle with a higher melting point. We must pour the molten metal into the mould cavity after melting the alloy. The pouring process is supported by a ladle system, which enables operators to manually or automatically control the pouring speed. When pouring is done incorrectly, gases can get trapped inside the mould and cause holes to form in the finished casting.

Solidify

Once more, manufacturers must take into account the molten metal’s shrinkage during cooling and the release of gases that accumulate inside the mould during pouring. To guarantee that they satisfy the required hardness, castings go through a variety of heating and cooling procedures, and mechanical and metallographic requirements.

Cleaning, heat treatment and inspection

The majority of cast parts need to be finished with processes like cleaning (the removal of extra material from the part), gate removal (the removal of the pouring channels from the part), heat treatment (the heating and cooling of the castings in a controlled environment to improve physical properties), and inspection for the castings’ specs and quality control.

Additional machining and surface finishes

Castings can be processed using CNC machining centres and other equipment, to fulfil the requirements of the product. To improve the corrosion protection and aesthetic appeal of castings, the surface might need to be given various treatments like phosphate treatment and spray painting.

What is Sheet Metal Fabrication?

Sheet metal fabrication refers to various methods for different stages of production which form a metal sheet into a wanted shape including laser cutting and bending. When you need metal parts with uniform wall thickness, sheet metal fabrication is the most suitable choice.

Cutting is the most common and commonly applied sheet metal manufacturing technique. Sheet metal is cut using a variety of different types of machinery before being manipulated to create a component. Sheet metal cut by laser, water or plasma.

Laser Cutting, using a strong laser to cut thin or medium gauge sheet metals, laser cutting is a very rapid, energy-efficient, and accurate sheet metal cutting method.

Water Jet Cutting, in water jet cutting, sheet metal is cut using a high-pressure water jet that contains abrasives. This sheet metal production method, known as water jet cutting, is especially helpful for metals with low melting temperatures because it prevents distortion due to heat generation.

Plasma Cutting, for thicker sheet metal, plasma cutting is employed. A stream of hot plasma is employed in this metal manufacturing method to pierce the metal sheets. Although this approach is quite effective and requires little setup, it is less precise than laser or water jet cutting.

Metal is formed or Deformed by bending, stamping, hemming, and spinning. Assembed by welding, fasteners, brazing, and adhesives.

What is 3D Modelling & 3D Scanning?

How to Covert 2D Drawing into 3D Model?
CAD Conversion

If you need to convert your hand drawing or 2D CAD file to a 3D CAD model for further modification, VMetal is here to help. With the assistance of our qualified engineers, you can reduce the cost and time of solving technical problems. Contact us to have a free consultation and get a quote!

Conversion process

Drawings can be picked up at your place of business or mailed to our processing facility. Alternatively, you may email us the component designs as scanned PDF pictures.

To capture all the intricacies in the current drawing, we will first scan paper drawings into digital PDF format at 300 dpi or greater resolution.

The 2D and 3D models will then be produced using Solid Works and other 3D modelling programs.

To ensure that they fulfil the accuracy requirements of the customer, all drawings and 3D models are examined.

What is 3D Scanning & Reverse Engineering?

Reverse engineering is the process of taking an existing physical thing and turning it into a 3D CAD model in the field of 3D scanning. The benefit of doing this with a 3D scanner is that it can measure complicated parts much more precisely and quickly than manual approaches. A general rule of thumb is that 3D scanning is the ideal technique to utilize if the measurement can’t be made with manual tools like scales, tape measures, callipers, and gauges.

Then, this 3D model can be utilized for many different things, such as design modifications, CFD, F.E.A., kinematic modelling, and many “proof of concept” design iterations.

Advantages of reverse engineering

The precise way of taking a physical component, with a precision of up to 15 microns (.015mm/.00059″) swiftly capture intricate and organic structures.

Non-contact techniques guarantee the integrity and accuracy of the data gathered.

Creating surface and solid models much more quickly.

Alter a current design using 3D scan data.

Create components that complement or work with an existing item.

Detect extremely minute details using a 16 micron (.016 mm /.0006 “) point spacing.

What is the Application of Reverse Engineering?
Industrial Parts Repair or Duplicate

An X-Ray inspection device capable of 3D scanning entirely through an item or an assembly of parts is used in industrial CT scanning. A CT scan may be performed on a variety of materials, including plastics, ceramics, composite materials, alloys made of steel and aluminium, and other metals. With the use of this technology, you can see flaws like fractures, voids, interferences, and more inside a part.

Inspection Analysis and Modify

For quality control, first-item inspection, and MRO, VMetal offers a comprehensive range of off- and on-site inspection and metrology services. Structured light scanners, precise laser scanners, optical CMM probes, laser trackers, CT scanners, and photogrammetry are just a few of the metrology tools and technologies that EMS provides for inspecting everything from extremely small things to enormous buildings and aeroplanes. Depending on the needs of the customer, deliverables may include raw data or in-depth inspection reports and analyses.

We check items using both touch and non-contact techniques, such as industrial CT scanners, long-range scanners, hand-held scanners, optically tracked probes, and blue light 3D scanners. Utilizing the appropriate tools and software for each job is crucial.

Small to Large Object Scanning

High-resolution 3D digital scanning is one of the VMetal services. We have the ability to scan practically any object, ranging in size from a pencil sharpener to an automobile.

We can generate incredibly exact 3D digital models using the scanning method, which may later be used to produce duplicates at various scales and utilise various technologies, such as 3D printing or CNC machining.

The post-cleaning of the scanned CAD data is another step in the scanning process that helps to bring out every last detail. Customers can choose to receive simply the raw file from us, which may require some editing. Alternatively, we may complete the task here and give a fully cleaned-up and well-refined digital product.

Cultural Relic Restoration

One benefit of 3D scanning is that you may record a certain instant in time as complete 3D digital data. You may photograph things like fossils, structures, ancient ruins, statues, artefacts, crime and accident scenes, and much more. Then, this data may be examined and analyzed in a variety of ways. A 3D printer may also be used to generate a replica or scale model that can be utilized in research, court proceedings, and presentations.

What kinds of Artwork could Build into 3D Model?
3D Digital Art

The process of creating a three-dimensional object using computer software is known as 3D modelling. Simple forms to a wide range of complicated items and models may all be built for the object. The film, video games, and architecture are fields that employ 3D designs for creative modelling.

VMetal will Help Digitize the Following Types of Artwork

Freestanding sculpture
A standalone work of art known as a freestanding sculpture typically depicts humans, animals, or abstract ideas. Statues are made of stone, wood, or metal, and the best art media depends on the size and intricacy of the piece. There are various examples of typical 3D sculptures in the David Kracov collections.

Reliefs
Relief sculptures, as opposed to sculptures that stand alone, are formed from a backdrop and are part of a greater work of art. Numerous distinct forms of reliefs are recognizable. Bas reliefs are three-dimensional compositions featuring figures that stand out somewhat from their surroundings. High reliefs with statues extending from the base are also seen. Figures are carved into the base of sunken-reliefs.

Others
Drawings and fine-line drawings, watercolor renditions, print reproduction, acrylic paintings, posters, design concepts, fashion designs

What is to the Process of Product Development?
Innovation and Development

Our experienced, international team works closely with our customers at every stage – from the beginnings of an idea, to design and development, and right through to production. We have the expertise and capabilities needed to support joint product development and to help engineer products for manufacture, including rapid prototyping, 3D computer-aided design and in-house testing at authorized laboratories.

3D Modeling and Simulation

To bring ideas to life we routinely advanced simulation techniques to inform our design process. These include FEA, CFD, and Moldflow before we commit to expensive tooling. For complex analysis and simulations, we work with a network of trusted professionals who lend experience from all areas of design and production.

CAD Design and Engineering

The industrial, mechanical, electrical and packaging design expertise of our 150-strong team of engineers is unmatched. Whether a project requires stringent product-validation testing, moulding and data verification, or tool development and material selection, the knowledge of our engineering team are critical.

Design for Injection Molding

Using cutting-edge hardware and software, we offer rapid tooling and life-cycle management, which means that we can deliver services tailored to each project. Our precision in-house mould fabrication and maintenance services are vertically integrated and have cemented our reputation as one of the world’s leading mould-makers.

What is the Metodology of Product Development?
Development Metodology

Application of defined development steps in the product development process.
Combination of analytical/intuitive thinking.
Use of top-down/bottom-up strategies & planning with a focus on the desired target date.
Application of design thinking.

Development tools

Intuitive & discursive creativity techniques.
Physical & virtual models/simulations for early evaluation of work results.
Powerful CAD systems such as Solidworks, and Z-Brush.
Internal material archive (manufacturing processes, materials, joining techniques, etc.).

Project Management

Each project has a contact person as the project manager.
Flexible project management depending on targets, costs and deadlines in agile, classic and hybrid methods.
Collaborative work in project teams.
Studies, conception & design in 2D & 3D
Visualizations in images, animation & AR
Definition of look and feel
Ergonomic consideration

How to Make Large-Scale Sculpture in Metal?

How VMetal Sculpture Studio Works?

We combine the latest technologies, skilled craftsmanship and a welding team to provide quality fine art bronze casting as well as fabrication of all types of metal including stainless steel and aluminium, ranging in scale from miniatures to indoor and outdoor larger-size art sculpture projects as well as city monuments and building decoration parts.

VMetal has worked with artists, designers, architects, engineers and decoration companies from Hong Kong, Southeast Asia, Northern Europe and the US.

From metal sculpture design, evaluation, optimization, fabrication and installation, we’ll help you every step of the way. Contact us to review your project now.

VMetal has applied the use of 3D art sculpt software and 3D printing technology to perform sculpture design, analysis and optimization, this enables high efficiency and sculpture accuracy for the fabrication, and allows great flexibility to illustrate the free-form art piece.

We provide a full-service facility specializing in digital file fabrication and size enlargement, mould making, lost wax and sand cast bronze, aluminium and stainless steel casting and digitally integrated metal fabrication services for artists. Apart from this, we provide engineering and installation for sculptures with bases of metal, concrete or stone.

Our sand moulding and casting facility are available for short-run manufacturing and prototypes. With our extensive network of artists, we can also recommend someone that we work with or we have in-house sculptors to create your sculpture.

We always focus on craftmanship, your sculpture is fabricated by our experienced team of local and foreign workers.

We also provide Patination of bronze to achieve different colours and textures and to restore large and small-scale bronzes to their original beauty using a variety of cleaning and refinishing techniques. Please browse our gallery to see examples of the services that we offer.

Casting & Metal Fabrication

We create custom wood bases and build crating for castings of all sizes in our well-equipped wood shop. We have the capability to restore large and small-scale bronzes to their original beauty using a variety of cleaning and refinishing techniques. Please browse our gallery to see examples of the services that we offer.

Installation Service

We have a team with decades of experience installing sculptures and architectural works in China and internationally. We can arrange and provide local and long-distance transportation to the site, including the handling of paperwork and logistics.

Is your New Idea Patented already?

Is your New Idea Patented already?
We have the necessary resources, tools, and experience to conduct a detailed local or Hong Kong patent search on our client’s behalf. Using online searches, we provide a comprehensive report to identify quickly the related patents overlapping your idea. This is not an exhaustive legal patent search; however, we are very good at accessing the patent databases to find the obvious infringements quickly and at very low cost before starting the design process. This knowledge saves you time and money.

Our patent research report can reduce these costs when filing a patent application and provide valuable insight to the product development process by identifying competitor designs, inventions, and features that are already in the public information space. As designers, we bring a unique perspective to the examination process as we think like competitors in terms of different ways to achieve the same function. This is very valuable when filling in a patent as it covers the many ways to achieve a function which blocks out future competitors from using these alternative ways to compete with you.

Once our designs are underway in 3D CAD models, your patent attorneys use our 3D CAD geometry which can be easily output in simple views, so they can use these images in their provisional and patent applications. This saves our clients’ money on image creation charges as the patent attorney decides what they want without having to engage us to provide them images.

With over 1000 client projects to date, VMetal is skilled at identifying possible new patentable features and reviewing issues surrounding existing patent claims. We work closely with your patent attorneys to fill in information on patent applications to ensure as broad coverage as possible for our clients.

Product Concept Investigation (PCI)

The patent research report is included in our comprehensive business investigation (PCI) that Design 1st can conduct on a client’s behalf. This report is tailored to meet the needs of a client, whether it is competitive intelligence gathering, generating product ideas, or supplementing a pre-existing patent attorneys search results. We work closely with your patent attorneys to carefully review information before you file your patent.

Patent Space Investigation

When entrepreneurs, start-ups, and established companies want to bring a product to market, one critical legal obstacle they will face is existing competitive patents. While engaging with a patent lawyer can circumvent many of these issues, the costs incurred can quickly add up. We can help you understand when to engage legal counsel in the product design process for minimum cost and maximum effectiveness.

Our years of experience and examination of alternative ways to design new innovative functions helps your patent attorney fill out utility and method patents so competitors have a harder time getting around your new innovations. We also help clients with their design patents, copyright protection, and other brand related protection.

To assist the process, our in-house team performs research and reports on related IP design patents, utility patents, and specific knowledge available on the public internet. This helps when engaging your patent attorneys and informs us on potential infringements when considering solutions for your innovation.

What is Surface Finishing?

What is Surface Finishing?

When it comes to manufacturing, the finishing touches can make all the difference. The final appearance and physical characteristics of the component produced by 3D printing will be determined by procedures including cleaning, curing, polishing, and colouring. In CNC machining, applying surface treatments like anodizing, powder coating, and electroless nickel plating will affect a product’s strength and electrical conductivity as well as its aesthetic.

What is Electroplating?
By using a direct electric current to reduce the cations of metal, the process of electroplating creates a metal coating on a solid substrate. This method can be utilized for ornamental as well as corrosion and wear resistance applications.

For aesthetic improvement, increase temperature and corrosion resistance.

What is Painting?
Painting referring multiple methods such as Wet paint, Spray painting, Powder coating and Silk screening which adds colour to metal or plastic. Additionally, it strengthens the defences against corrosion and other environmental deterioration for metal surfaces.

For aesthetic improvement, increase corrosion and abrasion resistance.

What is Anodizing?
With anodizing, the natural oxide coating on the surface of metal objects can be made thicker. In comparison to bare or untreated metal, it enhances corrosion and wear resistance and offers better paint priming and glue adherence.

For aesthetic improvement, increase corrosion and wear resistance.

What is Sandblasting?
Sandblasting makes use of the abrasive attributes of sand to produce surfaces that are smoother and have fewer physical flaws. The texture of the surface becomes smoother and uniform when the sand particles impact it. The profile the abrasive particles provide helps the primer adhere to the metal.

For a smoother surface, reduce flaws and remove old paint.

What is Polishing?
Rubbing or chemically treating a surface to make it shiny and smooth, providing a spotless finish with a specular reflection. An unpolished surface typically appears like a series of mountains and valleys when magnified thousands of times. To effectively flatten surface flaws, the abrasive polishing process starts with coarse grain sizes and subsequently moves to finer ones.

For aesthetic improvement, increase corrosion and chemical resistance.

What is Brushing?
Deburring and removing surface defects can be done with brushing. The surface pattern produced by the brush moving in one direction against the workpiece is a consistent parallel grain. On sides that are not parallel to the brushing direction, brushed sections will have slightly rounded edges. To achieve various process outputs, we employ various brushes and pastes.

For deburring, edge rounding, and smoother surface.

What is Polishing?
Rubbing or chemically treating a surface to make it shiny and smooth, providing a spotless finish with a specular reflection. An unpolished surface typically appears like a series of mountains and valleys when magnified thousands of times. To effectively flatten surface flaws, the abrasive polishing process starts with coarse grain sizes and subsequently moves to finer ones.

For aesthetic improvement, increase corrosion and chemical resistance.

What Post-Processing Methods are Used for Prototyping?

What is Heat Treatment?
Heat treatment includes heating a metal or alloy to a specified temperature but then cooling it to harden the material. This process enables a metal piece to be enhanced so that the material will be better able to endure wear and tear.
A few major sectors where heat treatment is significant include aerospace, automotive, hardware like saws and axes, computers, spaceflight, defence, and the oil and gas sector.

To increase the wear resistance. It is used in wide range industries production.

What is Part Marking?
Including Laser Engraving or Laser Etching and Laser Marking, part marking is the process of permanent labelling of components with product information, such as barcodes, model numbers, part numbers, and date codes. This would be done to enable the tracking of parts during their full life cycle.
What is Tapping?
To create internal threads for a cap screw or bolt to be threaded into the hole of a part, the internal threads are produced by the machining process of tapping. A tap is a cylindrical or conical thread-cutting instrument with threads of a specified shape on the perimeter. The quickest way to produce internal threads.
What is Welding?
When two or more pieces are fused together during manufacturing, the joint is formed as the parts cool under the action of heat, pressure, or both. Welding is most commonly used on metals and thermoplastics. Connecting metal parts with high strength

What Materials are Used for Prototyping?

What is Aluminium?

Aluminium is a widely used metal with a number of advantages, it is recognised for being both lightweight and flexible.

Aluminium can be 3dprinted, casted, melted, formed, machined and extruded, meaning that it can be manufactured into a variety of shapes and then subsequently fabricated to suit a whole variety of uses.

When selecting a material, consider the material properties, manufacturability characteristics, cosmetic appearance, and cost.

Aluminium for 3D Printing
Aluminium (AlSi10Mg)

Tensile Strength, Yield (MPa) >250
Fatigue Strength (MPa) 96.5
Elongation at Break (%) >1.0%
Hardness (Brinell) >80
Density (g/cm³) >2.59
Actual figures may vary depending on the construction states.

An aluminium alloy called AlSi10Mg has excellent thermal and mechanical qualities, is light, and has numerous post-processing options. The automobile, aerospace, and automation industries frequently employ it because of these factors. Examples of applications for prototypes and manufacturing include housings, ducting, engine components, production tools, and moulds.

Due to component geometry, there may be strong tensions that result in part distortion that might result in a larger divergence. Orientation- or surface-specific values for surface roughness Rougher surfaces will be those that face downward and those that have support.

The printed state of values is represented. Heat therapy is not used to relieve stress. The mechanical characteristics will be affected by the heat treatment for stress reduction.

Key Product Benefits
High stiffness and strength relative to weight
Thermal and electrical conductivity
 

Technical Specifications

Requirement Specification
Maximum build size 280 x 280 x 350 mm
Standard lead time 3-5 business days
Dimensional accuracy ± 0.1% with a lower limit of ± 0.1 mm
Layer height 100-300 μm
 

Available Surface Finishes

Standard: Sand surfaces to remove build lines and bead blasted.

Anodized: Electrochemical process that converts the metal surface into a decorative, durable, corrosion-resistant, anodic oxide finish

Heat Treated: Use of heating or chilling, normally to extreme temperatures, to achieve the desired result such as hardening or softening of a material

Polished: Sand surfaces to remove build lines and then apply polishing compound until the desired surface finish is reached.

Metal Plated: Aluminum can be plated with a wide range of metals to increase its corrosion resistance, increase wear resistance, or improve overall aesthetics. Both electroplating and electroless plating are possible. Some common metals include tin, nickel, electroless nickel, gold, and silver.

Powder Coating: Powder coating is a robust option for colouring aluminium sheet metal parts while also adding a measure of corrosion resistance.

Additional post-processing: Includes CNC milling, lathing & EDM

Aluminium for CNC Machining
Due to its lightweight and good strength-to-weight ratio, aluminium is the perfect material for situations where metallic-level strength is needed but the mass is still an issue. Each aluminium alloy is identified by the first number in its categorization. The numeral denotes the primary alloying components.

6061 Aluminum is a high-quality precipitation-hardened and stretched aluminium alloy, its strength is not as strong as 2 series or 7 series, but its a good combination of properties, primarily composed of magnesium and silicon, hence it can be used in a variety of projects types.
 

Aluminium 6061

Aluminium of this grade is regarded as an all-purpose alloy. It can be easily welded and has great machinability qualities. Magnesium and silicon are the two main alloying components. This aluminium alloy is frequently used to create bicycle frames, brake pistons, and electrical connections.

Aluminium 6061 Properties
Tensile Strength, Yield (MPa) 276
Fatigue Strength (MPa) 96.5
Elongation at Break (%) 17
Hardness (Brinell) 95
Density (g/cm³) 2.7
 

Aluminium 7075

High-strength aluminium is superior than mild steel in cold working. It is one of the most often utilized aluminium alloys for structural applications that are subject to high stresses.

This alloy is excellent for applications that experience cyclic loading because it has excellent fatigue resistance and is slightly stronger than 7050 aluminium. Its primary alloying component is zinc, and its common uses include shaft keys, aviation fittings, and meter shafts and gears.

Aluminium 7075 Properties
Tensile Strength, Yield (MPa) 503
Fatigue Strength (MPa) 159
Elongation at Break (%) 11
Hardness (Brinell) 150
Density (g/cm³) 2.81
 

Aluminium 5052

The main alloying component of this aluminium alloy is magnesium. Due to the lack of copper in its makeup, it is extremely corrosion-resistant but cannot be heat-treated. Fuel tanks, sheet metal components, and fuel/oil lines are frequently constructed out of aluminium 5052.

Aluminium 5052 Properties
Tensile Strength, Yield (MPa) 193
Fatigue Strength (MPa) 117
Elongation at Break (%) 18
Hardness (Brinell) 60
Density (g/cm³) 2.68

Aluminium for Metal Casting
You must decide which aluminium casting alloys to utilize while working with aluminium. To assist you in better understanding your alloy selections and the reasons behind our preference for particular alloys, we have included some technical information on aluminium alloys. 

Aluminium A380

A380 is the most often used alloy for aluminium die-casting. Because it is lightweight, very strong at high temperatures, and corrosion-resistant, A380 possesses the finest possible combination of physical and mechanical qualities for casting. A380 has strong electrical and thermal conductivity and is excellent at maintaining dimensional stability even with complicated geometries and thin walls.

A380 Aluminum Alloy Properties
Tensile Strength, Yield (MPa) 324/160
Shear Strength (MPa) 190
Elongation (% in 50mm) 3.5
Hardness (Brinell) 80
Density (g/cm³) 2.71 

Aluminium A383

Utilizing aluminium alloy A383 is an additional choice for die casters. This alloy is normally only utilized when complex components need to be formed and highly certain die-filling properties are needed. Although it lacks some of the characteristics of the A380, it offers greater strength at high temperatures and a lower risk of cracking from heat.

A383 Aluminum Alloy Properties
Tensile Strength, Yield (MPa) 310/150
Elongation (% in 50mm) 3.5
Hardness (Brinell) 75
Density (g/cm³) 2.74 

Aluminium A360

Because A360 is more difficult to cast than A380, many die casters steer clear of it. Depending on your casting demands and abilities, you might want to take this alloy into consideration because it does offer higher strength at high temperatures, better ductility, and improved corrosion resistance.

A360 Aluminum Alloy Properties
Tensile Strength, Yield (MPa) 317/170
Shear Strength (MPa) 180
Elongation (% in 50mm) 3.5
Hardness (Brinell) 75
Density (g/cm³) 2.63 

ZA Alloys

For your die casting, some applications can require ZA or zinc aluminium alloys. Scientists have improved this sort of alloy, which was formerly the main alloy used in gravity casting and is now effectively employed in die casting. ZA-8, ZA-12, and ZA-27 are the three alloys that fit within this group. In comparison to other zinc alloys, alloys made of zinc and aluminium have higher strengths, lower densities, better creep resistance, and superior wear resistance. 

ZA-8

The only hot chamber alloy among the three is ZA-8. The lowest possible aluminium percentage is found in the zinc-aluminium alloy used in die casting. 8.4% of the weight is made up of aluminium, while 1% is copper. ZA-8 has a lower melting point and a higher density compared to other zinc-aluminium alloys because it contains less aluminium. Because of this, it is perfect for hot-chamber die-casting. When increased strength needs necessitate plating, it is frequently employed. 
ZA-12

ZA-12 offers a sometimes-desirable mediation of zinc alloy qualities since it has a slightly higher aluminium content than ZA-8 but a slightly lower aluminium content than ZA-27. Its aluminium content is 11% and its copper content is 1%. It offers the ZA alloys’ finest balance of castability and strength. If you’re casting with ZA-12, you must employ the cold-chamber technique due to its greater melting point and lower density. 

ZA-27

The strongest of the three ZA alloys is ZA-27, but it is challenging to cast. With a 27 percent aluminium content and a 2.2 percent copper percentage, it has the highest aluminium content of all the zinc-aluminium alloys we utilize for die casting. The end product has the highest melting point, greatest strength, and lowest density of any material.

Parts manufactured with ZA-27, in contrast to other zinc-aluminium alloys, are frequently not the best candidates for chrome plating. Due to its high melting point, this alloy, like ZA-12, cannot be used with hot-chamber casting. Die casting for ZA-27 can have problems with inside shrinkage, thus cooling rates must be carefully considered.

Aluminium for Sheet Metal Fabrication
Due to its lightweight and ease of fabrication, aluminium is a good choice for sheet metal applications. Not all aluminium alloys, it should be emphasized, are suitable for sheet metal fabrication. Some aluminium alloys with higher strengths will tear or break before they bend. The more a material’s yield and tensile strengths differ from one another, the more challenging it will be to bend. Some of the more popular grades of aluminium used for sheet metal components are listed below. 

Aluminium 5052

The main alloying component of this aluminium alloy is magnesium. Since it contains no copper, it has high corrosion resistance. Despite not being able to be heat treated, alloy 5052 has the highest strength among those that cannot be heated. Additionally, this alloy can be formed more easily than series 3 alloys. Fuel tanks, as well as signs for roads and highways, are popular uses. 

Aluminum 5052 Standard Gauges

Material Standard Sheet Thicknesses
Aluminum 5052 H32 0.020”, 0.025”, 0.032”, 0.040”,0.050”, 0.063”, 0.080”, 0.090”, 0.100”, 0.125”, 0.160”, 0.188”, 0.250”, 0.375”, 0.500”

Aluminium 5052 Properties
Tensile Strength / Yield (MPa) 193
Shear Strength (MPa) 117
Elongation (% in 50mm) 18
Hardness (Brinell) 80
Density (g/cm³) 2.68 

Aluminium 6061

This is one of the most versatile aluminium alloys. Magnesium and silicon are the two main alloying elements, and heat treatment is acceptable. After it has reached high tempering levels, bending aluminium 6061 is not advised because it is likely to crack. While this aluminium alloy can be used for sheet metal components, some caution and preparation are needed.

Aluminium 6061 Standard Gauges
Material Standard Sheet Thicknesses
Aluminum 6061 T6 0.016”, 0.020”, 0.025”, 0.032”, 0.040”, 0.050”, 0.063”, 0.080”, 0.090”, 0.100”, 0.125”, 0.160”, 0.190”, 0.250”, 0.313”, 0.375”, 0.500”, 0.625”, 0.750”, 0.750”, 0.875”, 1.000”

Aluminium 6061 Properties
Tensile Strength / Yield (MPa) 276
Shear Strength (MPa) 96.5
Elongation (% in 50mm) 17
Hardness (Brinell) 95
Density (g/cm³) 2.7

What is Stainless Steel?

Stainless Steel is a widely used metal with a number of advantages, it is recognised for being both high strength and corrosion/ temperature resistance.

Its high sheer strength favours its use in the building and construction industry and its aesthetic appeal makes it a popular choice for outdoor sculptures. Stainless steel is available in a range of surface finishes and the fact that it can also be polished makes it aesthe­tic­ally eye-pleasing.

Stainless Steel can be 3dprinted, casted, melted, formed, machined and extruded, meaning that it can be manufactured into a variety of shapes and then subsequently fabricated to suit a whole variety of uses.

When selecting a material, consider the material properties, manufacturability characteristics, cosmetic appearance, surface finishes and cost.

Stainless Steel for 3D Printing
SUS 316L

VMetal produces 316L stainless steel objects using a fine metallic powder that is primarily made of iron (66-70%) and enhanced with chrome (16-18%), nickel (11-14%), and molybdenum (11-14%). (2-3 per cent). The substance has a high degree of ductility and offers great corrosion resistance. It is a great candidate for implementation in various industries thanks to these characteristics, including the medical field for surgical assistance, endoscopic surgery, or orthopaedics; the aerospace industry for producing mechanical parts; and the automotive industry for corrosion-resistant parts.

Without any special finishing, the material seems grainy and coarse yet is suitable for the majority of uses. Through finishing processes, surfaces can be made shiny and smooth after printing. Machined, drilled, welded, electro-eroded, granulated, polished, and coated parts are all possible.

Stainless steel is the smoothest metal 3D printing material when compared to other metals.

Tensile Strength, Yield (MPa) >530
Yield Strength (MPa) >340
Elongation at Break (%) >50%
Hardness (Brinell) >200
Density (g/cm³) >7.95

 

3D Printing Technical Specifications
Requirement Specification
Maximum build size 280 x 280 x 350 mm
Standard lead time 3-5 business days
Dimensional accuracy ± 0.1% with a lower limit on ± 0.1 mm
Layer height 100-300 μm

 

Available Surface Finishes

Standard:  Sand surfaces to remove build lines and bead blasted.

Anodized:  Electrochemical process that converts the metal surface into a decorative, durable, corrosion-resistant, anodic oxide finish

Heat Treated:  Use of heating or chilling, normally to extreme temperatures, to achieve the desired result such as hardening or softening of a material

Polished:  Sand surfaces to remove build lines and then apply polishing compound until the desired surface finish is reached.

Metal Plated: Aluminum can be plated with a wide range of metals to increase its corrosion resistance, increase wear resistance, or improve overall aesthetics. Both electroplating and electroless plating are possible. Some common metals include tin, nickel, electroless nickel, gold, and silver.

Powder Coating: Powder coating is a robust option for colouring aluminium sheet metal parts while adding a measure of corrosion resistance.

Additional post-processing: Includes CNC milling, lathing & EDM

Stainless Steel for CNC Machining
Chromium is present in the alloys of stainless steel, which distinguishes it from regular steel. At least 10.5% of the chemical ingredients in stainless steel are chromium. These steels are more corrosion-resistant because of the chromium addition. The different grades of this material contain distinct alloying components that help to further improve the material’s machinability, heat treatability, and corrosion resistance. It should be mentioned that heat treatment can have a big impact on the mechanical properties of the metal.

Based on its crystalline makeup, stainless steel can be divided into different groups. Austenitic, ferritic, martensitic, and duplex are among these:

Stainless steel made of austenitic elements, such as the 300- and 200-series stainless steel, is very formable and does not work harden. In an annealed form, they are also non-magnetic.
In comparison to austenitic stainless steel, ferritic stainless steels are magnetic and have better thermal conductivity. Heat treatment cannot harden them.
Various ageing or heat treatment processes can be used to harden martensitic stainless steel, such as grade 416 and 420.
Duplex stainless steel is a type of stainless steel that is highly specialized for increased corrosion resistance. It is also known as austenitic-ferritic stainless steel. In industrial and architectural structural applications, duplex steels are common.

Every industry uses stainless steel in some capacity because of its versatility.

 

Stainless Steel 304

SUS304 material is one of the most commonly used stainless steel. It is widely used to make
equipment and parts that require good comprehensive performance (corrosion resistance and
formability). 304 stainless steel is a stainless steel produced in accordance with American ASTM
standards.

Stainless Steel 304 Properties
Tensile Strength, Yield (MPa) 215
Shear Modulus (GPa) 77
Elongation at Break (%) 70
Hardness (Brinell) 123
Density (g/cm³) 8

 

Stainless Steel 316

This austenitic grade of stainless steel contains molybdenum which gives it excellent corrosion resistance. In addition to this, it is highly formable and weldable. Applications include chemical tanks and boat fittings. The low-carbon version, 316L, is more resistant to chlorides than the basic formulation.

Stainless Steel 316 Properties

 

Tensile Strength, Yield (MPa) 290
Shear Modulus (GPa) 74
Elongation at Break (%) 50
Hardness (Brinell) 217
Density (g/cm³) 8
Stainless Steel for Casting

When both steel’s characteristics and corrosion resistance are required, stainless steel casting is taken into account. Consequently, stainless steel is a common material for the manufacturing of castings, just like other cast steel alloys.

Common Material Grades of Stainless Steel Casting
304 A2 stainless is the name of the most popular austenite steel.
304L Despite having slightly worse mechanical qualities to the typical 304 grade, this grade is nonetheless utilized extensively in casting due to its adaptability.
316 The second-most popular type of austenitic steel is also known as A4 stainless. The main reason SS316 is utilized is because of its improved corrosion resistance.
316L 316 stainless steel has a lower carbon content than 304 stainless steel, which lessens the sensitization effect brought on by welding at high temperatures. Additionally, it has improved resistance to stress-corrosion cracking.
PH17-4 The most popular martensitic stainless steel, which uses 4% nickel and 17% chromium, precipitation-hardens.
2205 Duplex Used for its superior corrosion resistance and outstanding mechanical qualities.

 

Stainless Steel for Sheet Metal

Due to their exceptional formability, ductility, and weldability, the 300 series alloys, also known as austenitic stainless steel, are the best kinds of stainless steel for sheet metal fabrication. These alloys have higher concentrations of chromium and nickel than ordinary steel, which increases their corrosion resistance significantly. They are suitable for applications involving food processing because they are also simple to clean. 

Stainless Steel 301

This grade is a less expensive substitute for stainless steel grade 304. By raising its carbon content while lowering its chromium and nickel content, savings are made possible. The disadvantage is that, as compared to other stainless steels for sheet metal manufacturing, this less expensive type has inferior corrosion resistance. It has many uses, including as enclosures for appliances or structural elements for trains.

Stainless Steel 301 Properties

Tensile Strength, Yield (MPa) 205
Fatigue Strength (MPa) 240
Elongation at Break (%) 40
Hardness (Brinell) 217
Density (g/cm³) 8.03

 

Stainless Steel 304

One of the most popular grades of stainless steel, it features an austenitic crystal structure. Although 304 and 18-8 stainless steel are frequently confused, some of their alloying constituents differ somewhat. It is perfect for sheet metal components because of its great formability and good properties for resisting corrosion. Tanks used in food processing and structural bracketing are examples of applications.

Stainless Steel 304 Properties

Tensile Strength, Yield (MPa) 215
Shear Modulus (GPa) 77
Elongation at Break (%) 70
Hardness (Brinell) 123
Density (g/cm³) 8

 

Stainless Steel 316

Molybdenum is added to this austenitic grade of stainless steel to increase its corrosion resistance. It is moreover very formable and weldable. Parts that are subject to corrosive environments, such as chemical tanks or naval equipment, are frequently used.

Stainless Steel 316 Properties

Tensile Strength, Yield (MPa) 290
Shear Modulus (GPa) 74
Elongation at Break (%) 50
Hardness (Brinell) 217
Density (g/cm³) 8

What is Copper Alloy?

Copper is a widely used metal with a number of advantages, it is recognised for being ductile, malleable, and remarkably effective as conducter on both heat and electricity. Meanwhile, Brass is more resistant to corrosion than copper, and Bronze have the best corrosion resistance.

Copper / Brass / Bronze can be 3dprinted, casted, melted, formed, machined and extruded, meaning that it can be manufactured into a variety of shapes and then subsequently fabricated to suit a whole variety of uses.

When selecting a material, consider the material properties, manufacturability characteristics, cosmetic appearance, and cost.

Copper Alloy for 3D Printing
Due to its material properties, copper is perfect for electronics, heat exchangers, induction coils, engine components, and any other application needing strong conductivity.

The alloys Cu, CuCP, and CuCrZr, which are created and tested for use with 3D printing, are part of the copper family.

Copper Alloy (Cu)

With strong electrical and thermal conductivity, this high-purity copper is appropriate for a variety of applications.

Copper Alloy (Cu) Properties

Chemical composition in compliance with approx. 99.6% pure
Ultimate Tensile Strength (MPa) 190
Yield Strength (MPa) 140
Elongation at Break (%) 20

 

Copper Alloy (CuCP)

The exceptional thermal and electrical conductivity of this commercially pure copper—up to 100% IACS—makes it perfect for inductors, electric motors, and many other applications.

Copper Alloy (CuCP) Properties

Chemical composition in compliance with approx. 99.5% pure
Ultimate Tensile Strength (MPa) 165
Yield Strength (MPa) 235
Elongation at Break (%) 45

 

Copper Alloy (CuCrZr)

This copper alloy combines strong mechanical qualities with a desirable balance of electrical and thermal conductivity.

Copper Alloy (CuCrZr) Properties

Chemical composition in compliance with C18150 and CW106C
Ultimate Tensile Strength (MPa) 300
Yield Strength (MPa) 200
Elongation at Break (%) 30

 

Copper Alloy (CuNi2SiCr)

CuNi2SiCr is a copper alloy that is able to be thermally cured. CuNi2SiCr materials typically have strong stiffness even at high temperatures and a suitable mix of thermal and electrical conductivity. Due to its strong resistance to corrosion, this copper alloy is perfect for wear and sliding applications. CuNi2SiCr is utilized for tooling because of its high level of wear resistance and great hardness.

Copper Alloy (CuNi2SiCr) Properties

As Built Heat Treated
Tensile Strength(MPa) 251 ± 10 595 ± 10
Ultimate Tensile Strength (MPa) 192 ± 40 508 ± 20
Yield Strength (MPa) 34 ± 5 15 ± 5
Elongation at Break (%) 89 ± 5 97 ± 5

 

Brass

An alloy of copper and zinc is called brass. The material comes in a plethora of hues and finishing options and is very adaptable. The same degree of intricacy as silver and gold printing may be anticipated.

Brass Properties

Composition Cu 80%, Zn 15%, Tin 5%
Tensile Strength(N/mm²) 422
Elongation, annealed(%) 62
Density (gm/cc) 8.62
Hardness (Hv) 65

 

Bronze

The bronze used by VMetal is available in two finishes: polished and raw. Its surface is reddish-yellow, making it the ideal material for ornamental items, jewellery, belt buckles, and other items. Not to mention, it has a tougher surface that resists oxidation. When it comes to 3D printing metal, bronze is a reasonably priced option.

Brass Properties

Composition Cu 90%, Tin 10%
Tensile Strength(N/mm²) 70-800
Elongation, annealed(%) 0-70
Tensile module (GPa) 96-120
Melting point (°C) 913
Copper Alloy for CNC Machining
Copper 101 & 110

The outstanding thermal and electrical conductivity of copper alloys 101 and 110 make them the apparent option for bus bars, wire connections, and other electrical applications. Due to its purity (99.99 per cent copper), 101 (also known as super-conductive copper) offers better conductivity, but 110 is typically simpler to process and hence more affordable.

Copper 101 Properties
Chemical composition 99.99% CU min, 0.0003 PH
Tensile Strength(MPa) 220
Elongation at Break (%) 55
Hardness (Brinell) 40
Density (g/cc) 8.89

 

Copper 110 Properties

Chemical composition 99.99% CU min, 0.05 OXYGEN Max
Tensile Strength(MPa) 455
Elongation at Break (%) 55
Hardness (Brinell) 83
Density (g/cc) 8.93

 

Brass 360

Due to the highest lead percentage of any brass alloy, 360 Brass is also known as free-machining brass. There is less tool wear associated with its high machinability. It is often used for a range of components, including gears, lock parts, pipe fittings, and aesthetic uses.

Brass 360 Properties

Chemical composition Copper 61.5%, Zinc 35.5%, Lead 3.0%, Iron 0.35%
Tensile Strength(MPa) 338-469
Elongation at Break (%) 53
Rockwell Hardness B78
Density (g/cc) 8.50

 

Bronze 932

As a result of the tin, iron, and zinc it contains, 932 bronze is a high-strength alloy with good wear and corrosion resistance. Bearings, bushings, and thrust washers are the most frequent uses of it. Heat treatment cannot be done on 932 bronze.

Bronze 932 Properties

Chemical composition Copper 83%, Lead 7%, Tin 7%, Zinc 3%
Tensile Strength(MPa) 240
Elongation at Break (%) 20
Rockwell Hardness B27
Density (g/cc) 8.94

 

Copper Alloy for Casting
Copper alloy castings, bronze castings, and brass castings

Copper and copper-based alloys, like many other alloys, can be shaped into extremely intricate components, which makes them perfect for investment casting. These materials can be quite sensitive to price changes, which makes waste very expensive, especially if CNC machining and/or forging are being considered as manufacturing processes to create your production item.

Investment casting allows VMetal to make copper-based castings in low and large volume runs with net or nearly-net shapes, obviating the need for extra machining when utilizing a forging or machining a part from billet. Both have high CNC machine time costs and low returns on alloy scrap material. The ability to produce very complicated manufacturing components using investment casting instead of these other specialized methods is a significant advantage.

Brass Casting

Copper and several copper-based alloys may be used by VMetal to create precise castings. Castings made of brass are maybe the most typical. Due to their superior finishing and polishing capabilities, brass alloys, commonly referred to as “red-brass” or “yellow-brass” alloys, are mostly utilized in plumbing and door hardware.

Bronze Casting

Bronze, a copper-based alloy that is frequently used in bearings and other comparable components, is a very versatile material that provides a broad range of qualities from a large number of alloys and compositions. For instance, tin offers increased strength. Lead makes bronze more lubricious but reduces its strength. An alloy of bronze with more aluminum and manganese is perfect for uses that need both high strength and corrosion resistance.

Additionally, because to its capacity to expand immediately prior to setting, bronze has traditionally been the ideal metal for sculptures. The most minute details may be brought to life thanks to this feature. Furthermore, when bronze cools, it tightens, making it simpler to remove the mold.

Copper Alloy for Sheet Metal
Although copper may be produced in a variety of shapes, sheets are the most common form. After all, copper sheets are necessary for a huge variety of applications. There is always a purpose for copper sheet, no matter how thick it is. Because this metal item is so well-liked, it might be challenging to locate a supplier of copper sheets whenever you need them. Here are a few uses for copper sheet metal.
 

Copper Sheet Metal Applications
  • Electrical transfer
    The majority of the belt pulleys, sprockets, sheaves, and bushings used in power transmission systems are constructed from strong, wear-resistant metals. Numerous copper alloys meet the requirements.
  • Heat Exchanger
    Due to copper’s high heat capacity, the bulk of its components are constructed of copper or its alloys.
  • Plumbing Fitting
    Copper is the best material for flashing because it resists corrosion. Even though copper is pricey, many people do not consider it to be practical even though it is ideal for roofing.
  • Welding Fixtures
    To assure the quality of the finished product, welding fixtures must be used to secure the geometry of product pieces before welding. Copper alloys are perfect for such a use.
What is Titanium?

Titanium is an incredible substance with special qualities that make it highly sought after in the creation of numerous cutting-edge and modern applications. It is light and powerful. Its low density, which is roughly 60% that of iron, lessens the burden and strain on heavier metals while also lowering the overall weight of the products it is used to make. In fact, among all metallic elements, titanium has the highest strength-to-density ratio.

Titanium and titanium alloys are utilized in aircraft, missiles, and rockets where strength, low weight, and high-temperature tolerance are crucial factors due to this, as well as their high strength and low weight.

Due to its high Young’s modulus, which is comparable to around 50% of stainless steel, titanium possesses exceptional elasticity and is therefore preferred for several spring applications.

Because titanium metal is one of the most biocompatible metals in existence and is used in everything from artificial joints to cardiac valves and other surgically implanted devices, it is also highly desired in the medical manufacturing industry.

✔ Outstanding heat transfer

✔ 3,135 degrees Fahrenheit is the high melting point (This is 400 degrees above the melting point of steel and 200 degrees above that of aluminium)

✔ A high level of mineral, acid, and chloride resistance

✔ Because it is non-toxic, it can be used in medical devices that are implanted into people.

✔ Substantial electrical resistance

Titanium for 3D Printing
Titanium (Ti6Al4V)
Tensile Strength, Yield (MPa) >980
Yield Strength (MPa) >900
Elongation at Break (%) >14%
Hardness (Brinell) >340
Density (g/cm³) >4.39

Actual values may vary with build condition

Strong tensions, due to part geometry, may cause distortion in the part which may lead to greater deviation. Values for surface roughness depend on orientation or surface. Downward-facing surfaces and surfaces with support will be rougher.

Values represent printed status. No stress relief heat treatment. Stress relief heat treatment will have an impact on mechanical properties.

Ti6Al4V, also sometimes called TC4, is an alpha-beta titanium alloy with a high strength-to-weight ratio and excellent corrosion resistance. It is one of the most commonly used titanium alloys and is applied in a wide range of applications where low density and excellent corrosion resistance are necessary such as e.g. aerospace industry and biomechanical applications (implants and prostheses).

Key Product Benefits

  • Excellent mechanical properties with very low specific weight
  • Excellent corrosion resistance and good hard-tissue compatibility

3D Printing Technical Specifications
Requirement Specification
Maximum build size 280 x 280 x 350 mm
Standard lead time 6-8 business days
Dimensional accuracy ± 0.1% with a lower limit on ± 0.1 mm
Layer height 100-300 μm

Available Surface Finishes

Standard:  Sand surfaces to remove build lines and bead blasted.

Anodized:  Electrochemical process that converts the metal surface into a decorative, durable, corrosion-resistant, anodic oxide finish

Heat Treated:  Use of heating or chilling, normally to extreme temperatures, to achieve the desired result such as hardening or softening of a material

Polished:  Sand surfaces to remove build lines and then apply polishing compound until the desired surface finish is reached.

Metal Plated: Aluminum can be plated with a wide range of metals to increase its corrosion resistance, increase wear resistance, or improve overall aesthetics. Both electroplating and electroless plating are possible. Some common metals include tin, nickel, electroless nickel, gold, and silver.

Powder Coating: Powder coating is a robust option for colouring aluminium sheet metal parts while adding a measure of corrosion resistance.

Additional post-processing: Includes CNC milling, lathing & EDM

Titanium for CNC Machining
Titanium Grade 5

The strongest titanium alloy, titanium Grade 5, has good corrosion resistance and can be welded. Due to its resistance to both extreme heat and cold, titanium may be preferred to other materials like steel. Aerospace fasteners, turbine blades, engine parts, sporting goods, and maritime applications are a few examples of frequent use cases.

Titanium for Casting
Benefits of Casting using Titanium
  • With less than 40% of the weight of the counterpart, it is just as strong as the majority of ordinary steels.
  • It is near as resistant to chemical assault and corrosion as platinum, that’s why it is very dependable in producing both consumer goods and sporting goods such as helmets and fishing rods. Also, one of the greatest metals for components that handle chemicals and the ocean is titanium.
  • It looks really good on the outside. Other precious metals cannot compare to the aesthetic and technological attraction of titanium. Grey-silver metal is titanium. It can be polished to have a glossy, long-lasting black diamond effect and anodized in a variety of colours.
Titanium for Sheet Metal

The corrosion of titanium sheet metal, including stress corrosion, brackish water corrosion, microbiological corrosion, pitting corrosion, and other types, is particularly resistant to it. Due to its resistance to various forms of corrosion, it is also perfect for both indoor and outdoor settings.

Aluminium can’t compare to the strength of titanium sheet metal. It has a strength that is two times that of low-carbon steel. They are light in weight in addition to being strong. As compared to low-carbon steel and stainless steel, the bulk of titanium sheet metal is around 60% more.

On the surface of titanium sheet metal, precious metal oxides are carefully controlled. In turn, this gives the titanium sheet metal its lovely and shiny silver-grey hue. By using a surface treatment such as a brushed, polished, or blasted surface finish, their surface may also be embellished.

We most frequently use the following grades.

Titanium Grade 2

Excellent weldability and durability characterize this grade. Additionally, this grade is frequently used in heat exchangers, cryogenic tanks, pickling baskets, aviation components, medical applications, and architectural applications.

Titanium Grade 3

This grade works well for things like medical equipment, chemical processes, and aircraft construction. CP grade 3 titanium metal is more durable than grades 1 and 2, according to testing. However, grade 3 is nearly as ductile as grades 1 and 2, with a little less formability.

Titanium Grade 4

Among the four CP classes of titanium metal, grade 4 is the most resilient. Excellent formability, weldability, and corrosion resistance are all characteristics of this grade. It is also appropriate for use in surgical devices, aeronautical components, and other applications.

Titanium Grade 5

This grade of titanium is the most often utilized. In comparison to grade 2, it is more heat resistant. It is also widely employed in the chemical processing, medicinal, marine, and aerospace sectors.

Other grades of titanium include 17, 16, 12, 1, and so forth.

 

What is Maraging Steel?

Ultra-high-strength steel alloys, or maraging steels, are a unique type of low-carbon steel that have comparable ductility while being stronger and tougher than most other steels. The term “maraging” refers to the process by which the steel is strengthened, and is formed from the words “martensitic” and “ageing.”

Maraging steel is unique from other steel alloys in that it is toughened by the precipitation of a carefully chosen subset of various intermetallic compounds rather than the presence of carbon. Maraging steel may combine high strength and hardness with a comparatively high degree of ductility because of the lack of carbon and the application of intermetallic precipitation. The process of martensite age-hardening in a martensite matrix in the absence of carbon is where the name “maraging” originates. Maraging steels are often utilized in the aerospace sector as well as in the manufacture of tool parts.

Maraging Steel for 3D Printing
Maraging steel is an alloy with high strength and hardness that contains very little carbon and gets its strength from other alloying elements. Maraging steel 3D printing makes it possible to produce intricate parts that are frequently used in demanding applications found in the aerospace and automotive sectors.

Maraging Steel (MS1)

Grade 300 maraging steel is another name for MS1 maraging steel. In comparison to the four commonly used maraging steel alloys, this particular alloy has the second-highest strength and hardness ratings. Gears, rocket motor casings, and tools are a few examples of typical uses.

Maraging Steel (MS1) Properties

Tensile Strength, Yield (MPa) 1200 ± 100
Yield Strength (MPa) 1100 ± 100
Elongation at Break (%) 12 ± 4
Hardness (Brinell) 311 to 344
Density (g/cm³) 8–8.1

 

3D Printing Technical Specifications
Requirement Specification
Maximum build size 280 x 280 x 350 mm
Standard lead time 3-5 business days
Dimensional accuracy ± 0.1% with a lower limit on ± 0.1 mm
Layer height 100-300 μm

 

Available Surface Finishes

Standard:  Sand surfaces to remove build lines and bead blasted.

Anodized:  Electrochemical process that converts the metal surface into a decorative, durable, corrosion-resistant, anodic oxide finish

Heat Treated:  Use of heating or chilling, normally to extreme temperatures, to achieve the desired result such as hardening or softening of a material

Polished:  Sand surfaces to remove build lines and then apply polishing compound until the desired surface finish is reached.

Metal Plated: Aluminum can be plated with a wide range of metals to increase its corrosion resistance, increase wear resistance, or improve overall aesthetics. Both electroplating and electroless plating are possible. Some common metals include tin, nickel, electroless nickel, gold, and silver.

Powder Coating: Powder coating is a robust option for colouring aluminium sheet metal parts while adding a measure of corrosion resistance.

Additional post-processing: Includes CNC milling, lathing & EDM

Maraging Steel for CNC Machining
Maraging Steel is a popular alloy because of its tough resilience and exceptional strength without compromising ductility. It is also a great alloy for a wide range of components and industries. Applications that are often used include landing gear systems, engine parts, and tools.

Maraging steel, which includes cobalt, molybdenum, and titanium as well as between 15 and 25 per cent nickel, gets its strength from the precipitation of intermetallic compounds. Maraging Steel components can withstand extreme heat up to 750°F (400°C) in the majority of applications with just minor softening.

Despite the reliability and durability that this form of magnetic steel offers, Maraging steel is not stainless and will rust and/or corrode after extended or extreme contact with moisture.

Maraging Steel for Casting

Advantages of Maraging Steel Castings

  • There are virtually no limits to the forms that may be created using maraging steel castings.
  • Many pieces may be integrated into a single part using the proper maraging steel castings design and technique, which helps cut costs by minimizing or eliminating machining, providing assembly, as well as by lowering the number of components in inventory and other related expenses.
  • Flexibility in design. To satisfy your unique requirements, castings provide you a range of alloy alternatives as well as freedom in internal and external configuration. It is occasionally feasible to create parts with net forms that may be utilized straight out of the mold. However, in order to achieve many close tolerances, threads or surface finishes must be machined. VMetal may lessen the need for pricey further operations by choosing the right casting method.
  • No material wasted. The castings made of maraging steel are sized.
  • The most economical way to make complicated or massive parts for prototype numbers up to medium and high production quantities is often through the use of maraging steel castings.
Maraging Steel for Sheet Metal
Maraging Steel Sheet is renowned for being exceptionally strong and robust without sacrificing its ductility.
 

Maraging Steel 250 (or C250)

An age-hardenable iron-nickel steel alloy with extremely high strength and toughness is called Maraging Steel 250. It is melted as VIM + VAR. Prior to the final heat treatment, it may be readily machined in the annealed form. Its fracture toughness has increased from Maraging 300, but its strength has decreased marginally.

Additionally, it has several other applications, including low-temperature tooling, light aircraft landing gear, rocket motor casings, and power shafts. Before the final heat treatment, 18ni300 may be easily machined in the annealed form. Numerous essential aeronautical applications are suitable for it because of its special qualities.
 

Maraging Steel MS1

The counterpart of M300 maraging steels is Ms1 maraging steel. Its martensite ageing, which is enhanced by heat treatment, transmits strength. When ultra-high strength is required, it can be used for die-casting tools, injection moulding tool inserts, and substrate components for F1 engines. Vascomax 250 is a robust nickel alloy with exceptional ductility, which makes it simple to machine and mould. It is easily weldable and resists corrosion from industrial environments and seawater.

What is Cobalt?

The metal Cobalt (Co) is employed in a wide range of commercial and industrial applications. Cobalt is most often used in rechargeable battery electrodes on a global scale. Cobalt also finds extensive application in superalloys, which are utilized to create components for gas turbine engines. Airbags for automobiles, catalysts for the chemical and petroleum industries, diamond tools, cemented carbides (also known as hard metals), corrosion- and wear-resistant alloys, drying agents for paints, varnishes, and inks, dyes and pigments, ground coats for porcelain enamels, high-speed steels, magnetic recording medium, magnets, and steel-belted radial tires are other products made with cobalt.

Cobalt for 3D Printing
Cobalt Chrome (UNS R31538 / ASTM F75)

This Cobalt Chrome metal additive manufacturing material variety is particularly well-liked. Having great wear and corrosion resistance, it is a superalloy. It is also suited for applications like surgical implants and other high-wear ones, such as in aerospace manufacturing components, because of its excellent mechanical qualities at high temperatures, wear resistance, corrosion resistance, and biocompatibility.

CobaltChrome MP1

Additionally, the MP1 shows strong corrosion resistance and consistent mechanical characteristics even at high temperatures. As a result of being nickel-free, it exhibits a fine, homogeneous crystal grain structure. Numerous applications in the aerospace and medical industries are suited for this combination.

The prototype of biomedical implants, such as the spinal, knee, hip, toe, and dental implants, is a typical application. Additionally, it may be used for components with extremely small characteristics, such as thin walls, pins, etc., that call for exceptionally high strength and/or stiffness. It can also be utilized for parts that need stable mechanical qualities at high temperatures.

CobaltChrome SP2

The EOS CobaltChrome SP2 is a superalloy powder based on cobalt, chrome, and molybdenum that was created specifically to meet the needs of dental restorations that needed to be veneered with dental ceramic material. It was also tuned for processing on EOSINT M 270 equipment.

Porcelain-Fused to Metal (PFM) dental restorations, notably crowns and bridges, are produced using it.

CobaltChrome RPD

A dental alloy based on cobalt called CobaltChrome RPD is used to make detachable partial dentures. It has a yield strength of 550 MPa and an ultimate tensile strength of 1100 MPa.

 

3D Printing Technical Specifications
Requirement Specification
Maximum build size 280 x 280 x 350 mm
Standard lead time 6-8 business days
Dimensional accuracy ± 0.1% with a lower limit on ± 0.1 mm
Layer height 100-300 μm

Available Surface Finishes

Standard:  Sand surfaces to remove build lines and bead blasted.

Anodized:  Electrochemical process that converts the metal surface into a decorative, durable, corrosion-resistant, anodic oxide finish

Heat Treated:  Use of heating or chilling, normally to extreme temperatures, to achieve a desired result such as hardening or softening of a material

Polished:  Sand surfaces to remove build lines and then apply polishing compound until desired surface finish is reached.

Metal Plated: Aluminum can be plated with a wide range of metals to increase its corrosion resistance, increase wear resistance, or improve overall aesthetics. Both electroplating and electroless plating are possible. Some common metals include tin, nickel, electroless nickel, gold, and silver.

Powder Coating: Powder coating is a robust option for coloring aluminum sheet metal parts while also adding a measure of corrosion resistance.

Additional post-processing: Includes CNC milling, lathing & EDM

 

What is Nickel Alloy?

Products containing nickel are essential to our daily lives. Products containing nickel are more resistant to corrosion, tougher, and stronger at high and low temperatures, and have a variety of unique magnetic and electrical characteristics compared to other materials. As a result, the majority of nickel output is utilized in alloying components, coatings, batteries, and a variety of other products, including jewellery, kitchenware, mobile phones, medical equipment, transportation, structures, and power generation.

Ferronickel for stainless steel manufacture dominates the usage of nickel (66%). But it is also employed in the creation of non-ferrous alloys (12%), alloy steels (5%), plating (7%), foundries (3%), and batteries (2%).

Nickel Alloy for 3D Printing
Nickel Alloy (Inconel™ 718 / UNS N07718)

At high temperatures, this superalloy demonstrates exceptional yield, tensile, and creep-rupture strength. Due of its exceptional qualities, engineers may employ the material to create high-strength structures under harsh conditions, such as turbine components used in the aerospace sector that are frequently exposed to high temperatures. When compared to other nickel-based superalloys, it is also more weldable.

Nickel Alloy (Inconel™ 625 / UNS N06625)

A superalloy with great strength, hardness at high temperatures, and corrosion resistance is nickel alloy, also known as InconelTM 625. It is appropriate for demanding settings and high-strength applications. It is very resistant to stress-corrosion cracking, pitting, and crevice corrosion in chloride conditions. It is perfect for producing parts for the aerospace sector.

Nickel Alloy (UNS N06002 / Hastelloy X)

Hastelloy X offers an exceptional balance of oxidation resistance, fabricability, and high-temperature strength. It is stress-corrosion cracking resistant in petrochemical conditions. Additionally, it possesses superior forming and welding qualities. As a result, it is utilized in severe conditions for high strength applications.

Production parts exposed to severe heat conditions and a significant risk of oxidation are examples of common applications (combustion chambers, burner and supports in industrial furnaces).
 

3D Printing Technical Specifications
Requirement Specification
Maximum build size 280 x 280 x 350 mm
Standard lead time 6-8 business days
Dimensional accuracy ± 0.1% with a lower limit on ± 0.1 mm
Layer height 100-300 μm

Available Surface Finishes

Standard:  Sand surfaces to remove build lines and bead blasted.

Anodized:  Electrochemical process that converts the metal surface into a decorative, durable, corrosion-resistant, anodic oxide finish

Heat Treated:  Use of heating or chilling, normally to extreme temperatures, to achieve a desired result such as hardening or softening of a material

Polished:  Sand surfaces to remove build lines and then apply polishing compound until desired surface finish is reached.

Metal Plated: Aluminum can be plated with a wide range of metals to increase its corrosion resistance, increase wear resistance, or improve overall aesthetics. Both electroplating and electroless plating are possible. Some common metals include tin, nickel, electroless nickel, gold, and silver.

Powder Coating: Powder coating is a robust option for colouring aluminium sheet metal parts while also adding a measure of corrosion resistance.

Additional post-processing: Includes CNC milling, lathing & EDM

What is Silver?

In addition to being a valuable metal, silver is a very useful metal. Industrial use is where silver is most in demand. Almost every electrical item, including smartphones and tablets, is made from silver. Additionally, it is a necessary component in the creation of photovoltaic cells, which are utilized in solar panels and automotive components. Through the early to late 20th century, the industrial demand for silver had increased by a factor of four. Silver has established itself as a manufacturing staple in a variety of industries, including indoor plumbing, automobiles, electricity, and aerospace technology.

Silver is perfect for the power-generating industry since it has strong electrical and thermal conductivities. Since silver is more adaptable than copper, it is used in a far wider variety of everyday items than copper. For instance, silver is utilized in the production of polyester apparel as well as in the manufacture of polyester clocks, computers, smartphones, plumbing, wall switches, bathroom mirrors, microwaves, and dishwashers. Silver is used because it has more advantages than other industrial metals.

Silver is utilized in both membrane switches in TVs and batteries as a cathode. In the production of hearing aids, toys, cameras, calculators, etc., silver oxide cells are used. Silver is utilized in consumer gadgets and electric automobiles because it is more environmentally friendly than lithium-ion batteries. Silver is also used to solder and braze metals.

What is Mild Steel?

A ferrous metal consisting of iron and carbon is known as mild steel. It is a cheap material with qualities that make it appropriate for the majority of ordinary engineering applications. Low-carbon mild steel is referred to as “ferromagnetic” because of the high iron content that gives it strong magnetic characteristics.

Mild steel has a comparatively high melting temperature of between 1450°C and 1520°C and a maximum carbon content of between 0.16 per cent and 0.29 per cent. Steels that are more carbon-rich than mild steel have lower melting points. Due to its high melting temperature, mild steel is more ductile when heated, making it ideal for forging, drilling, welding, and other fabrication processes.

Through hardening is not suited for mild steel. By heating the material and adding a chemically reactive carbon source, it is possible to case harden it. The succeeding quench cycle will harden the top layer. This outer layer, often known as “the case,” will harden. Galvanized goods made of mild steel are recyclable.

What is Zinc?

The 23rd most common element in the crust of the earth is zinc. The main ore mineral in the world is and has always been sphalerite, or zinc sulfide. In terms of tonnage produced, zinc ranks fourth among all metals in global production, only being surpassed by iron, aluminum, and copper. Zinc is an essential component of contemporary living.

Metal, rubber, and pharmaceutical items are all used using zinc. About three-fourths of the zinc that is used is consumed as metal, mostly as a galvanizing layer to prevent rust on iron and steel, as an alloying component of bronze and brass, as a component of die-casting alloys, and as rolled zinc. The rubber, chemical, paint, and agricultural sectors use the remaining one-fourth of zinc compounds. Additionally essential for healthy growth and development in humans, animals, and plants, zinc is the second most prevalent trace element naturally present in the human body after iron.

What is Inconel?

Inconel 625 is a nickel-based superalloy with excellent corrosion and heat resistance. Multiple heat cycles have little effect on Inconel 625’s strength, and it can tolerate temperatures of up to 1000°C. Inconel 625 has traditionally been an incredibly expensive material to employ, but the Metal X technology now allows producers to make use of this material for a fraction of the usual cost.

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